Craniosynostosis – the premature fusion of one or more of the cranial sutures – is a condition that can appear in infancy. Though it affects 1 in every 2,000 infants, the cause of the condition remains unknown. Craniosynostosis can cause significant deformities in the shape of the skull and, in severe cases, can even prevent proper brain development. The only treatment available today for the repair of Craniosynostosis is surgical intervention by neurosurgical specialists.